What is the Difference between Permanent Residence and Citizenship in CANADA?

First of all, what is permanent residence?

Permanent residence = The right to permanently reside in Canada (immigrant / immigrate) while maintaining your other nationality.

A type of visa, regular student visas, and work visas are called “permanent resident visas”, whereas they are called non-immigrant visas.

You have a permanent right to stay in Canada for 730 days (2 years) out of 5 years, except that you do not have the right to vote and you cannot get a specific job related to the security of the Canadian state. You get almost the same rights as a Canadian citizenship holder.

After obtaining permanent residence, a permanent residence visa and Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) will be issued first, and at a later date, an ID card for permanent residence holders called a Permanent Resident Card will be issued.

This card, which is used with a passport when entering and leaving Canada, is opposed to the American green card, and although it was named “Maple Leaf Card”, it has not penetrated, so there is also a messy side. When I was told, I got attached to it.

As for personal information, I applied from within Canada, so I didn’t go abroad for lading and visited the Canadian government building to have my passport stamped with proof that it was PR.

At that time, the officer advised me that it is better to retain Japanese nationality (= you should maintain your passport).

I think it’s a pity that permanent residents, like Canadian citizens, are paying taxes but can’t participate in national elections, but there are no other problems.

Also, even if you say that you can live in Canada permanently, you may be deported if the permanent resident or his / her family has a serious incident that will be taken care of by the police. Please put it on.

What is citizenship?

Citizenship = means becoming a Canadian citizen.

Citizenship gives you the same level of rights (with voting rights) as Canadians.

In addition, after acquiring Canadian citizenship, the obligation of a permanent resident, “Obligation to stay in Canada for 730 days out of 5 years,” is not required.

Some nationality law does not allow dual citizenship, so if you acquire citizenship, you must renounce your nationality.

It is possible to obtain citizenship after obtaining permanent residence, but there are some conditions for application.

  • Must be a permanent resident and an adult over 18 years’ old
  • You must have lived in Canada for 1095 days (3 years) out of the past 4 years before applying for citizenship.
  • Communication in English or French, which is the official language of Canada, without any problems.
  • Have knowledge of Canada and the responsibilities and rights of Canadian Citizens Etc. are given as conditions.

Think carefully about where you will live in the future and which one is better for you before applying for citizenship.

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